|Washington Family Genealogy
|Tracing the royal ancestry of the Washington Family
down through the centuries from before 439AD.
0*** to before 0439AD: Eochy Munrevar (Eugenius), King of Dalrieda.
Before 0439 to 958: a hereditary line of Kings of Scotland descended from Eochy Munrevar.
958 to 1034: Malcolm II, King of Scotland. A continuation of the hereditary line of Scottish Kings.
1043 to 1045: Bethoc (Beatrix), Queen of Scotland. Daughter of Malcolm II, she was born in
Angus in 984 and married Crinan the Thane, “Mormaer of Atholl”. He was born in 975 and died in
battle in 1045 in Dunkeld, Scotland. He was the Abbott of Dunkeld. Their eldest son, King Duncan
of Scotland, died unmarried c1043.
Maldred of Scotland, Lord of Allendale and Carlisle, and King of the Cumbrians. The
Washington Line is descended from this Maldred. He was the younger son of Beatrix, Queen of
Scotland and Crinan the Thane. Born in 1009 or 1015 at Dunbar he was slain in battle in 1045
alongside his father. He married Aeglithia (Ealdgyth) of Northumbria sometime between 1030 and
1038. She was also known as Edith of Northumberland, and was the grand-daughter of Lady
Godiva of Mercia. Her father was Ughtred of Northumberland and her grandfather was King
Ethelred II. Maldred’s eldest brother became Duncan I, King of Scotland and was killed by
Macbeth. Macbeth was succeeded by Duncan’s two sons: Malcolm III, King of Scotland, and
Donald III, King of Scotland. Their story was immortalised by Shakespeare.
1066: The Norman Invasion and Conquest. Radical changes occurred in England and Scotland
as a result of the Norman Invasion. The people of the North did not accept William the Conqueror
as their new King and the opposing forces clashed at the Battle of Shaden’s Hill in 1068, on the
northern boundary of Washington, Tyne and Wear. William the Conqueror won, his weapons
were better than ours. The Danes and the Scots helped us fight the battle so we didn’t stand
alone. Some of the fighting was on the Black Fell, but the main fighting was on Shadens Hill.
Those survivors who weren’t able to flee were slaughtered, whole families of them. Widespread
famine followed and corpses rotted where they fell, there was no-one left to bury them. The
North of England became virtually uninhabited as people were either slaughtered, fled or died of
famine. This state of affairs lasted for nine years. Had William had the Doomsday Book compiled
a few years earlier than he did then the pages for the North of England would have been left
Maldred, Lord of Allendale. Born around 1039, he was the elder son of Maldred of Scotland
and Edith of Northumberland. He received Winlaton from the Bishop of Durham in 1084. His
younger brother, Gospatrick, who was born about 1040, bought the Earldom of Northumbria
from William the Conqueror. The cost was high; the betrayal of his cousin, Malcolm III King of
Scotland, and his Scottish ancestry. This is the story of the betrayal: Malcolm III King of Scotland
was using Cumberland and Westmoreland as a base for raids against William the Conqueror in
1070. To prove his loyalty to William the Conqueror, Gospatrick plundered Cumberland and
slaughtered the inhabitants. He then returned with his plunder to his fortress at Bamburgh Castle.
Malcolm took his revenge, not against his cousin Gospatrick but against the people of Northern
England! He was no better than William the Conqueror, he slaughtered what few inhabitants were
left or took them as slaves. This incident became known as “King Malcolm’s Revenge”. That
Gospatrick was created the First Earl of Dunbar (whose Coat of Arms is Gules a Lion Rampant
Argent) by his cousin King Malcolm of Scotland leads to the speculation that they were perhaps
playing “War Games” at the cost of the Northern English.
Uchtred fitz Maldred. Not a lot is known about Uchtred fitz Maldred. He was the son of
Maldred, Lord of Allendale and married Athelreda, born in Dunbar yet reputed to be an English
Princess. He died in 1128/9.
Dolfin fitz Uchtred, Lord Raby. Not a lot is known about Dolfin fitz Uchtred. He was the son
of Uchtred fitz Maldred and married Adilicia (Alice) of Durham, whose father is said to have
been Walcher, Bishop of Durham who was burnt to death in 1080 when a mob set alight a church
he was in. Dolfin fitz Uchtred was appointed Lord of Raby in 1131 and died in 1136. The “Dolfin”
part of his name is a reference to “the House of Dunbar”.
Sir Patrick fitz Dolfin Raby. Born before 1136 at Hertburn, he was a younger son of Dolfin
fitz Uchtred. He died around 1190. Upon his marriage to Cecily de Offerton he became known as
Sir Patrick de Offerton and Hirsel. The lands of Offerton stand across the River Wear from
Washington. He also had estates in Scotland, including Le Hirsel which lies on the north bank of
the River Tweed two miles NW of Coldstream. (Today Le Hirsel is the seat of the Earls of Hume.
The 14th Earl, Sir Alec Douglas Hume, was British Prime Minister 1963-1964.)
Sir William fitz Patrick de Hertburn. The eldest son of Sir Patrick fitz Dolfin Raby he was
born about 1150 in Hertburn, near Stockton-on-Tees, and died about 1194. Upon his first
marriage he gained lands at Stockton-on-Tees. His second marriage was to his kinswoman
Marjory (Margaret) de Huntingdon, Countess of Richmond. She was also born around 1150 and
this was her third marriage. Countess Margaret was sister to William the Lion, King of
Scotland, and Malcolm IV the Maiden King of Scotland. Her father was Henry, Earl of
Northumberland and Huntingdon and her paternal grandfather was David I, the Saint King
of Scotland. Her youngest brother, David Earl of Huntingdon, was the ancestor of the de
Bruce and Balliol families. Sir William and Countess Margaret shared the same Great-great-
great-great Grandparents; Beatrix, Queen of Scotland and Crinan the Thane. The Washington
family name was acquired in 1183 when William fitz Patrick de Hertburn assumed tenancy
of the Washington lands from the Bishop of Durham at a cost of four ponds per year. It
was to his advantage to accept Washington in exchange for his Stockton lands since he was
already heir to the lands at Offerton, which lie just across the River Wear from Washington. It
was upon his acquisition of the Washington lands in 1183 that Sir William fitz Patrick de
Hertburn became William de Wessynton I.
The Washington Line Continues: William de Wessington I was succeeded by direct male
descendents and their families until the death of his great-great-great-great grandson, Sir William
de Wessington V in 1399. As he and his wife, Alina, did not have a male heir the Washington
Manor passed into the hands of the Tempest family, when their daughter Eleanor married Sir
William Tempest, a relative from Yorkshire. However, as Sir William Tempest also died without
leaving a male heir the Washington Manor then passed into the hands of the Mallory family when
their daughter Dyonisia Tempest married William Mallory, Lord of Hutton Conyers. As Dyonisia
was heiress to Studley Royal as well as Washington Manor, upon their marriage William Mallory
became Lord of Hutton Conyers, Lord of Studley Royal and Lord of Washington Manor. They
named their first daughter Jane Mallory.
George Washington, the First President of the United States of America, was descended
from William de Wessington I.
William de Wessington I had a grandson, William de Wessington III. A younger son of William de
Wessington III married Joan de Stickland in 1292. She was heiress to Carnforth, in Warton,
Lancashire. It is from this union that George Washington, the First President of the United States
of America, is descended.
|By Audrey Fletcher
|Washington Old Hall:
the ancestral home of
|Lords of Washington Manor.
The Washington, Tempest, Mallory
and Blakiston Families.